Apply this truth to the case before us. 69. No one after lighting a lamp puts it under the bushel basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all in the house. God forbid that such a thing should ever occur. I. 1. It matters not though we be unseen, if but the light be clear; for then we are fulfilling the command. A city that is set on a hill - This place may receive light from the following passage in Maundrell's Travels. TO let our light shine is, undoubtedly, to make a Christian profession. But how? "Ye are the light of the world." See Doddridge, and Beausobre and Lenfant. The one idea is that of publicity. We're going public with this, as public as a city on a hill. Aug.: For it is not absurd if any one will understand "the house" to be the Church. IV. Comp. It has freely received, and it freely gives. (3) But to a still higher reach we are conducted by the Apostle when he says to believers, "Ye are light in the Lord." Not thus did God create His more wonderful spiritual world. Taylor. It is not enough to be Christians only to ourselves, we must be so before God and men. "kosmos" = "mankind." III. ... (Romans 5:14) is a positive violation, a transgression, conscious stepping aside or across. If you are not warming the world, the world is freezing you. Thence the eye sweeps over Gilead and Bashan, Samaria and Carmel, the plains of Galilee, the coasts of Phoenicia, the hills of Naphtali, the long line of Lebanon, and the lofty head of Hermen - a vast panorama, embracing a thousand points of historic and sacred interest.”. Ye are the light of the world. The first thing to be done with a lamp is to light it. All men’s eyes will be upon you. Religion proclaims the name of God and the action of God whether men will bear or forbear. To express concealment simply, or that the "corn-measure" has a special signification? See John 5:35. 1. A city. And it shines to all who are in the house. 1. Although we must abound in good works that men may see them, yet not to be seen of men. Remove a difficulty which may have arises from an apparent inconsistency between our text and the words of our Lord in a subsequent part of His discourse. But be ye blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation (as the Baptist was), among whom ye shine as lights in the world; as those great lights ( φωστηρις, luminaria, Philippians 2:15), the sun and moon (so the word signifieth), so that they that speak evil of you may be judged as absurd as those Atlantes that curse the rising sun because it scorcheth them. And man's spirit did extinguish that light, and the spiritual world became anarchy and confusion. In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that … The branches of the candlestick spread every way, to denote the diffusing of the light of the gospel into all parts by the Christian ministry, Matthew 5:14,15. The priests of the law were to be neither deformed nor defective. As a city situate on the top of a hill cannot be hid, neither can a light fail to be seen unless it be expressly prevented from shining. ); the disciples mediate (Ephesians 3:9), as the mediators of His divine truth to men; and all Christians in general are, as those who are enlightened, also, on their part, bringers of light, and light in the Lord (Philippians 2:15; Ephesians 5:8). how Godlike was their employ. I. Had they simply perfected personal holiness in secret they might not have been persecuted, it was when they began to affect the world around them (Matthew 5:13-16), and make the world feel guilty, that the world began to react and hit back (Matthew 5:10-12). 1. Christ, therefore, informs the apostles, that they must be more careful to live a devout and holy life, than unknown persons of the common rank, because the eyes of all are directed to them, as to lighted candles; and that they must not be endured, if their devotion, and uprightness of conduct, do not correspond to the doctrine of which they are ministers. The next thing to do with a lamp is to set it where it may be seen and give light. Of Safed Dr. Thomson (vol. A city set on a hill cannot be hid. These words as they illustrate the world. As a son he will show the excellence of his principles. If the light which you let shine in your profession be the true light, there will be good works to be seen. 2. It is pre-eminently applied to Jesus in these places, because he is, in the moral world, what the sun is in the natural world. Hence sitting was a synonymous term for teaching among the rabbins. A word about the great conception of a Christian man’s office which is set forth in this metaphor. Commentary on Matthew 5:3-12 (Read Matthew … The present Hebrew name is Zephath, and may either refer to its elevation like a watch-tower, or to the beauty and grandeur of the surrounding prospects. “Take heed that ye do not your alms before men.” It may appear from this that secrecy is necessary to prayer and almsgiving; but that it is not the lesson inculcated, is evident from the tenor of Scripture. Matthew 5:14 » Matthew 5:13. by ... i am blessed with the way you have explained mathew 5:14. new thoughts and new direction to my sharing message on this verse. Get rid of Divine origin of the Church, and the mention of it has no place in Creed. R. Meir, R. Akiba his disciple, and R. Judah the prince, are each of them calledF14Juchasin, fol. Some think the allusion is to the small city of Safed, which stood on a hill, so visible at the mount of Beatitudes that the Saviour might have pointed to it. Their influence cannot be ignored in the world. Goshen only has light: Christians once dark; hut have received light. (F. Goode, M. Interpretation of the Key Parts of Matthew 5:14 #1 “You are the light of the world.” Jesus’ plan all along was to ascend into heaven for an age that would extend at least two millennia. That they may glorify your Father which is in heaven. This is the first mention of God as beingtheirFather, but it will occur regularly through the Sermon. It is because they acknowledge their responsibility to bring glory to Him that they can later be seen as relying on His provision for them. That passage before us is not contradictory. Slocombe. Note that what they are and how they behave is pre-eminent. 63. v. pt. We're going public with this, as public as a city on a hill. Matthew 5:14. Scripture Formatting × Scripture Formatting. 17.5.09 COMMUNICATING THE GOSPEL Matthew 5:14-16. (a) By creeds. But Christ knew that there would be strong temptation for the men that had it in them to be lights to hide their light. 4. Along with darkness, light is often used to contrast knowledge and ignorance. The traveller said, thoughtlessly it may be, “What if one of these burners should go out to-night? This witness is maintained in two ways: (1) by creeds; (2) by the maintenance of forms of outward worship. The moral qualities enjoined in Christianity are in the highest degree natural-not artificial or secondary. (2) A more difficult duty is that of passing judgment (as a Christian is often bound to do) on events of the day and public men. Read verse in The Message Bible that is just the difficulty. Some think the allusion is to the small city of Safed, which stood on a hill, so visible at the mount of Beatitudes that the Saviour might have pointed to it. I must refer its beginning to a power not of this earth before it can present itself as an object of my faith. The ministers of the gospel are the lights of the world also; the angels of churches are stars, Revelation 1:20, and holy persons are children of light, 1 Thessalonians 5:5. (E. No pains need to be taken to secure that the light shall shine. You cannot see them, but there are ships passing and repassing there to every point of the compass. The allusion may have been to Jerusalem, which stands upon heights, and is the emblem of the Church. 1. When I was a lad, in my native town, I knew a painter there whose favourite works were all portraits of himself, taken in different costumes; and one of England’s most famous poets produced a series of writings, in which his moody, misanthropic self was ever the central figure. The true disciple’s position and calling. All others are in darkness. The bad is something interposed between the original creative design and the execution. man's policy, or the outgrowth of circumstances, and the mention of it has no business in the Creed. Fraser. Get rid of Sunday, and the very idea of worship would fade out of the national mind. Matthew 3:3 - For this is the one referred to by Isaiah the prophet when he said, ' The voice of one crying in the wilderness , ‘ Make ready the way of the Lord , Make His paths straight !'' II. The positive injunction that Christians are to do all in their power to secure that their light shall shine as brightly as possible. Let our song be like that of the skylark, as he rises with dewy breast from his lowly earth-couch, singing as he soars, until, unseen in the deep blue above, he rains a shower of melody on the listening earth. Its light cannot be confined. 5. Schoettgen detects an allusion to some such origin in Pesachim f. 91, 1, though this is very doubtful. (F. Goode, M. Theophanes, Zonaras, and Cedrenus report the like of Constans, nephew to Heraclitus, 340 years before Otho. Commentary on Matthew 5:3-12 (Read Matthew … 14-16 “Here’s another way to put it: You’re here to be light, bringing out the God-colors in the world. Their actions could not be hid. If the former it has in mind the universal and all-embracing love of God described in Matthew 5:43-48. Stanley and Thomson (‘Sinai and Palestine,’ p. 429: ‘The Land and the Book,’ p. 273), have thought that, notwithstanding the fact shewn by Robinson, that the actual city of Safed was not in existence at this time, some ancient portion of it, at all events its fortress, which is ‘as aged in appearance as the most celebrated ruins in the country’ (Thomson), may have been before the eye of our Lord as He spoke. Or rather he is like the. : "A city set on a hill cannot be hidden" though it would; the mountain which bears makes it to be seen of all men; so the Apostles and Priests who are founded on Christ cannot be hidden even though they would, because Christ makes them manifest. Chrys. But so soon as you put a light behind it you thereby reveal its filthiness to every beholder. The object of light is to disclose what would be otherwise unseen. This holy light possesses a peculiar character, which the light of mere science, literature, or secular knowledge has not and cannot have. Wherever there is spirit there must be responsibility, and there cannot be responsibility without free will. Light is opposed to darkness, and dispels it; is the symbol of truth and holiness. II. 9), everlasting blessedness (vers. If I make you light-bearers, you don’t think I’m going to hide you under a bucket, do you? Such a city may have been in sight, as later travellers think; but in any case, the figure is striking. Matthew 5:14. II. II. There are two ways by which you equalize the temperature of a hotter and a colder body, the one is by the hot one getting cold, and the other is by the cold one getting hot. on StudyLight.org Light is derived, and therefore humble. Disciples of Christ are the light of the world in much the same sense that they are the salt of the earth. i. pp. Matthew 5 In Matthew 5:14-16, Jesus compares his followers to light, saying we "are the light of the world," unable to be hidden. on StudyLight.org. And when he was set The usual posture of public teachers among the Jews, and among many other people. "A few points toward the north (of Tabor) appears that which they call the Mount of Beatitudes, a small rising, from which our blessed Savior delivered his sermon in the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of Matthew. The lowest requirement of Christian consistency is the absence of every evil work-the least immorality vitiates the entire profession. Taylor.). There lies Gennesaret, like a mirror set in framework of dark mountains and many-faced hills. The present Hebrew name is Zephath, and may either refer to its elevation like a watch-tower, or to the beauty and grandeur of the surrounding prospects. These ancient parts of the castle render it all but certain that there was then a city or citadel on this most conspicuous ‹hill‘ top; and our Lord might well point to it to illustrate and confirm his precept. 5. ", Hilary: He instructs the Apostles to shine with such a light, that in the admiration of their work God may be praised, "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works.". And with such orient stars this Church of ours, blessed be God, like a bright sky in a clear evening, sparkleth and is bespangled, though not in every part, yet in every zone and quarter of it. Quesnell remarks here: "The Christian life is something very high and sublime, to which we cannot arrive without pains: while it withdraws us from the earth, and carries us nearer heaven, it places us in view, and as a mark, to the malice of carnal men.". "You are the light of the world—like a city on a hilltop that cannot be hidden. Light of the world, עולם נר ner olam, was a title applied to the most eminent rabbins. This rule may serve for some external direction in this perplexed case. Gloss: As the doctors by their good conversation are the salt with which the people is salted; so by their word of doctrine they are the light by which the ignorant are enlightened. The People's New Testament, by B. W. Johnson. INTRO. Do you ask what I mean by the words "I believe in the Holy Catholic Church"? I. It would draw the world’s attention to them, and so expose them to the ill will of such as hate the light. The imagery might, however, come from the prophetic visions of the Zion of the future, idealising the position of the actual Zion (Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:1). (Dr. D. Look at the negative side of this injunction, which requires that we remove everything which tends to hide or obscure the light. 2. in Mont., i, 7: Had He only said, "That they may see your good works," He would have seemed to have set up as an end to be sought the praised of men, which the hypocrites desire; but by adding, "and glorify your Father," he teaches that we should not seek as an end to please men with our good works, but referring all to the glory of God, therefore seek to please men, that in that God may be glorified. The doctrine delivered is this, That Christians in general and the ministers of the gospel in particular, are the light of the world. For good or for evil, it could not fail to be prominent in the worldâs history, a city of refuge for the weary, or open to the attacks of the invader. If nature decays, she possesses no power of self-renewal. What follows will now bring out more fully what their ‘good works’ are to be, and will reveal the way in which they are to be truly a light in the world. Search StudyLight.org. נהורא דעלמא, "the light of the world"; but this title much better agrees and suits with the persons Christ gives it to, who, no question, had a view to those exalted characters the Jews gave to their celebrated Rabbins. But the people of God in general are to be zealous of more ordinary ‘good works’ because they are God’s own possession (Titus 2:14), and good works are regularly urged on God’s people throughout the New Testament. ), A young minister, when about to be ordained, stated that at one period of his life he was nearly an infidel. ), Th,e light to reveal the work, not the worker, It is thus that his own sun works daily in the heavens: who dares look at the sun when he so shines as to fill the earth with all the beauty of summer? Zebachim, fol. Matthew 7:7. This being the distinctive title which our Lord appropriates to Himself (John 8:12; John 9:5; and see John 1:4; John 1:9; John 3:19; John 12:35-36) - a title expressly said to be unsuitable even to the highest of all the prophets (John 1:8) - it must be applied here by our Lord to His disciples only as they shine with His light upon the world, in virtue of His Spirit dwelling in them, and the same mind being in them which was also in Christ Jesus. “And it shines to all who are in the house.” The aim must be that everyone will benefit (compare Philippians 2:15). - with reference to the vast and variegated surface which feels its fructifying and gladdening radiance. you are the salt of the world. Read verse in The Message Bible The end with a view to which the exhibition takes place. (Matthew 5:16) There is a famous example of a message that was sent in WWII ‘Send reinforcements we’re going to advance’ … What!” said the keeper, “go out, sir? Daniel With regard to almsgiving, the Psalmist, speaks of it as properly exciting the esteem of men. It stands upon a very eminent and conspicuous mountain, and is Seen Far and Near. This, you perceive at once, is a thing to be received by faith. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. But in the higher world of spirits there is another necessary condition which nature has not. Light is symbolic of truth. Nor are Christians anywhere else so called. Some suppose that they need not set a shining light, but keep from great irregularities. “A city set on a hill cannot be hid.” Jesus’ idea is that the city has been set there by God, just as He has now set the disciples in the world as His witnesses. Such conduct on our part requires no great display, for it is but conforming to the rules of the Church. It is these good works above all else, discreetly and lovingly carried out, that convince the world of the truth about Jesus. What does this teach us as to the Church of Christ? We read of a time when this earth, so full of fair shapes and wonderful provisions, was without form and void. Here, it almost certainly stands for the world’s opportunity to perceive the truth about Jesus. 1. i. pp. Example is the source of the Christian’s most powerful influence on the world. The greatest praise we cam bestow upon a religion is to practise it. I. (James Stewart.). Bab. We feel our shame. (A. Maclaren, D. D.), If you are not warming the world, the world is chilling you, If you take a red-hot ball out of a furnace and lay it down upon a frosty moor, two processes will go on-the ball will lose its heat and the surrounding atmosphere will gain. also Matthew 10:37. (S. Now, the whole passage of man's life, from the cradle to the grave, is full of light. Must use their blessings for the good of others, their knowledge, holiness, and happiness. p. 115. Matthew 8:3 Matthew 8 And Jesus said to him, See that you tell no one, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them. Salt operates internally, in the mass with which it comes in contact; the sunlight operates externally, irradiating all that it reaches. Do not be as a dark lantern, burning with the shades down and illuminating nothing and nobody. λ.] Thence the eye sweeps over Gilead and Bashan, Samaria and Carmel, the plains of Galilee, the coasts of Phoenicia, the hills of Naphtali, the long line of Lebanon, and the lofty head of Hermon, a vast panorama, embracing a thousand points of historic and sacred interest. From what has been said we may enter into the full meaning of that article in the Creed, "I believe in the Holy Catholic Church." 14.Ye — Apostles, and indeed all Christians — are the light of the world —For how dark the world would be without a Christ, a Gospel, a Holy Spirit, and a Church! The term light is often applied to religious teachers. ou dunatai polis krubenai epano horous keimene; xx. God, not self, the end of Christian example, The purpose of letting our light shine is, that God, not ourselves, may be glorified. He taught them what was the evil they should abhor, and what the good they should seek and abound in. Light of the world, עולם נר ner olam, was a title applied to the most eminent rabbins. He must keep within the limits of his proper place. 2. : Or, Christ Himself has lighted this lamp, when He filled the earthen vessel of human nature with the fire of His Divinity, which He would not either hide from them that believe, nor put under a bushel that is shut up under the measure of the Law, or confine within the limits of any one oration. II. And glorify your Father who is in heaven.”. Hilary: Or, the lamp, i.e. (1) We must never countenance sin and error. These were “ burning and shining lights “ in the darkness; these displayed the glory of the Saviour’s love and power to save, in the very midst of Satan’s empire. They do not put a corn measure over it. The inference which our Saviour draws from the foregoing doctrine, ye are the light of the world, therefore let your light shine before men. But before all this His work one word was uttered—one element called into being—which was necessary for every function of created nature. Not to be seen of men. 2 Peter 1:19. Christ compares his people here not to a city, but to a city upon a hill; so that all for which our Saviour mentions a city here, is the conspicuity of a city so built. So should Christians be clearly recognizable. It would give additional force and beauty to the passage to suppose that he pointed to the city. They must be seen; and as this was the case, they ought to be holy, harmless, and undefiled. Before the incarnation Christ was the light of men; also the historic Christ is the source of all revelation. 2. 16; 1 Thessalonians 2:19), the approval of God (ver. See Matthew 4:16; Luke 2:32; John 1:4; John 8:12; Isaiah 49:6. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Being the light of the world, … Light is a very common metaphor in the Bible. We know too well how helpless and hopeless we must look to those who judge Jesus Christ by us. exalted unto heaven, Matthew 11:23 or to the city of Jerusalem, which was situated on a very considerable eminence. They will ascribe to God the power by which we have been made what we are. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid — nor can it be supposed to have been so built except to be seen by many eyes. Note also that He is the Father of the disciples, not of those who see their good works. The sun renders objects visible, shows their form, their nature, their beauties, their deformities. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Commentary on Matthew 5:1,2 (Read Matthew 5:1,2) None will find happiness in this world or the next, who do not seek it from Christ by the rule of his word. Here we are conducted to a still higher view of the believer's privileged condition and estate. But so soon as a man becomes connected with Christ and His Church, the light that is within him will be sure to make manifest his inconsistencies to all around. That where it is not manifest in the life, it does not exist. "You are the light of the world. It is pre-eminently applied to Jesus in these places, because he is, in the moral world, what the sun is in the natural world. Here are beveled stones, as heavy, and as aged in appearance, as those of the most celebrated ruins in the country; and they prove that this has been a place of importance from a remote age. Beyond is the vast plateau of the Hauran, faintly shading with its rocky ranges the utmost horizon eastward. The silver reflectors are burnished to the brightest purity, and every funnel and glass are absolutely without a spot. His calling is from the elevated position he occupies, to shed light upon the whole world. We, who belong to the holy city, would willingly escape from out of the light, if we could. His position is like that of a city set on a hill, eminently conspicuous; he “cannot be hid,” and he ought not to try to be hid. “And glorify your Father which is in Heaven.” Your good works may be seen, and ought to be seen, but to God’s glory, and not your own. Where, note 1. Your words and deeds will show where your treasure is, and your heart.